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Man and the Biosphere Program

The Man and the Biosphere Program (MAB)  is a global program aiming to set a basis for wise and sustainable use of natural resources and the improvement of the relationships between people and their environment was established by UNESCO in 1970's.

The MAB Program is governed by the MAB International Coordinating Council (ICC-MAB), including 34 member states, elected every two years by UNESCO General Conference. Day to day management is provided by the MAB Secretariat, operating as a part of UNESCO's Division of Ecological and Earth Sciences.

There were designated areas named - biosphere reserves - to reach the goals of the MAB program.

The biosphere reserves (BR) should help harmonize conservation of biodiversity and natural resources with their sustainable development and socio-economic development.

Recommended function model of any BR is a complex cooperation of environmental and social scientists, conservation and development groups, representatives of the governments and local authorities and in the first place the local people.

All BRs must fulfill three basic, equal and mutually complementary functions:

(1) Conservation - conservation of natural and cultural diversity

(2) Development - support of sustainable economic and demographic development

(3) Logistics - support of model projects, environmental training and education, research and monitoring linked to nature conservation and sustainable development on local, national as well as  global scale 


Some states adopted specific legislation to acknowledge BRs. The institution of a biosphere reserve has no reference in legislation of the Czech Republic.

The Man and the Biopshere Program celebrated 40th aniversary in 2011 !!!